February Quarterly Update
Scoping Emergency Responses
Crisis Action has been scoping the situations in Cameroon, Mozambique and Ethiopia in the last few months and the following is what has emerged.
While Crisis Action had scoped Mozambique in August, the horrific news that 50 people were beheaded in Cabo Delgado in November 2020 led us to revisit this situation. Crisis Action facilitated a partner call with 16 local, regional and international organisations. The campaign proposal that emerged is to expose the international and domestic vested interests of political elites and Multinational Corporations (MNCs) in fuelling instability in Cabo Delgado, paving the way for greater accountability by all actors leading to the improved protection of civilians and humanitarian conditions. In February we launched an emergency response on Mozambique.
In 2020, Cameroon was top of the Norwegian Refugee Council list of the world’s most neglected crises. The emerging campaign proposition is to end impunity for the atrocities committed in the Anglophone regions by advocating for the establishment of a joint fact-finding mission by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the African Commission for Human and Peoples’ Rights, to investigate violations and crimes that may have been committed. This push for accountability is calculated to de-escalate the conflict and nudge the parties to the conflict towards pursuing a political settlement to the conflict. The campaign seeks to apply pressure on both President Biya and his key ally France by casting a global spotlight on the role that they can and should play in ending the conflict. We will consider Cameroon in our Conflict Portfolio discussions during our March staff meeting.
In November 2020, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed began a military offensive against the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in the Tigray region. One proposition emerged in November to persuade Prime Minister Abiy to cease hostilities against the TPLF and engage in a sustained dialogue to peacefully resolve the political disputes that are at the root of the conflict. After assessing the security risks to our Addis staff, Crisis Action chose to play a more discreet role providing light coordination to partners and facilitating a partner meeting with officials from the UK Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO). A second proposition emerged in February to push PM Abiy to agree to allow urgent humanitarian aid to be delivered in the conflict region. However, we are struggling to find actionable leverage points on Abiy that have not already been tried. Further to this, the security risk for our Addis based team remains fairly high.